5th March 1699 Maharaja Jaisingh ll Crowned King Of Jaipur And Sat On Amber Throne

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II(1700-1743 A. D.)

Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh ascended to the throne of Amber on 25th January, 1700 at the young age of 12, after the death of his father Maharaja Bishan Singh of Amber. In the same year, at the behest of Emperor Aurangzeb, he went to war at Khelna, Panhala and other places in the Deccan. Impressed by the young ruler’s valour the Emperor conferred the title of “Sawai”, meaning he who is a one and a quarter above others in intellect, upon him.  In 1708, following a dispute, the new emperor Bahadur Shah resumed Amber into the Mughal territory and re-named it as Mominabad. Jai Singh with the help of Mewar and Ajit Singh, who too was fighting to regain his patrimony (Jodhpur), drove out the Mughals from Amber and recovered the state by 1710. From this time onwards the Maharaja’s rise to power was uninterrupted, thrice he served as Governor of the strategically important province of Malwa and once of Agra. In 1727 he laid the foundations of a large city, Sawai Jaipur which became the new capital of the state. The Chandra Mahal and entire township of Jaipur were built under his patronage, besides a number of forts on strategic points for the protection of his state. His military assistance was sought many times by the Mughal Emperors against their opponents. Besides being a great builder, he was also a great scholar of Sanskrit as well as Persian and had a deep interest in the field of Astronomy; to fulfil this, he built five ‘Observatories’ at various places namely Varanasi, Mathura, Ujjain, Delhi and Jaipur using masonry instruments of his own design which were as accurate as the brass instruments used by Newton, Flamsteed and other European astronomers at the time. Acknowledged as the spokesmen for Hindu interest; in the Rajput states nothing happened without his knowledge or succeeded without his goodwill. Asvamedh Yajana, a Vedic sacrifice was performed twice during his reign, which had not been done for a thousand years by any ruler. He also persuaded the Mughal emperor to abolish the hated Jazia, and received the title of Maharajadhiraj Raj Rajendra and a rare distinction of ‘Mahi Maratib’. He patronized artists, painters, men of literature and also astrologers and astronomers; with their help he could collect a vast treasure of knowledge, which was to become the proud possession of the City Palace Museum. The Chhattis Karkhana or 36 Workshops for different forms of arts and craft were his initiative.  In later years it came to be an iconic symbol of royal patronage in the Jaipur State. He commanded a huge army consisting of equal number in Infantry and the Cavalry and with its help could annex Shekhawati, Malrna, Amarsar, Bhangarh and Manoharpur respectively into his patrimony. With pious and chivalrous deeds he added lustre and grandeur to the state of Jaipur. This astronomer prince whose contribution was immense would be hailed as a visionary and a progressive ruler for centuries to come.

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