1. WATER-CHANGING COURSE OF FUTURE IN MAHARASHTRA 1.1 SALIENT FEATURES OF WATER SCENARIO 1.1.1 Global Level: Water seems over-abundant on this planet as three quarters of its area is covered by water. The 1400 million km3 of water so present can cover the entire area of the earth to a depth of 3000 meters. However, around 98% of the water is in the oceans. Only 2.7% is fresh water; of this 75% lies frozen in the polar regions; 22.6 % is present as groundwater, some of which lies too deep; only a small fraction is to be found in rivers, lakes, atmosphere, soil, vegetation and exploitable underground aquifers, and this is what constitutes the fresh water resources of the world. Annually, 3,00,000 km3 of precipitation takes place over the oceans, and 1,00,000 km3 over land; evapo-transpiration from land is 60,000 km3 , 40,000 km3 runs off from land to sea, and 3,40,000 km3 evaporate from the seas. This is the annual hydrological cycle. It is this run-off of 40,000 km3 that is said to form the fresh water resources available to us. 1.1.2 National Level India is second largest populated country in the world consisting of more than a sixth of the world population with just 2.4% of world’s total area. India constitutes around 16.5% of the world population, whereas the share of water resources is just 4%. The main source of water is annual precipitation including snowfall and it has been estimated to be of the order of 4,000 km3 . More than half of that returns to atmosphere by evaporation and seepage in to the ground. The balance water resource which occurs as natural run off in the rivers is estimated at 1,869 km3 considering both surface and groundwater. Due to various constraints, such as topography and uneven distribution of water over space and time, it has been estimated that only about 1,123 km3 can be put to beneficial use, out of which only 690 km3 is surface water and the rest 433 km3 is ground water. A total storage capacity of about 225 km3 has been created in the country as a result of construction of major & medium projects. The Projects under construction will contribute to additional 64 km3 while the contribution expected from proposed projects is 107 km3 . Thus likely storage available will be 396 km3 once the projects under construction and proposed are completed against the total water availability of 1869 km3 in the river basins of the country. (CWC, 2010) 1.1.3 State Level The average water availability in the state of Maharashtra is 163.82 km3 . According to inter-state water tribunal awards, the allotted quantity of water to the state is 125.94 km3 . Out of the five major river basin systems, 55% of the dependable yield is available in the four river basins (Krishna, Godavari, Tapi and Narmada) east of the Western Ghats. These four river basins comprise 92% of the cultivable land and more than 60% of the population in rural areas. Balanced 45% of state’s water resources are from West Flowing Rivers which are mainly monsoon specific rivers emanating from the Ghats and draining into the Arabian Sea, which is not utilised due to geological constraints. However state aggregates and averages are misleading figures as there is wide variation, both temporal and Page 5 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report spatial in the availability of water in the state. Much of the rainfall occurs within a period of a few months during a year, and even during that period the intensity is concentrated within a few weeks. Following table provides important statistics regarding river basin wise water resources of the state. Sr . N o. Name of the River Basin Geograp hical Area (Mha) Percen tage of State’s Cultura ble Area (Mha) Cultur able Area (Mha) Averag e Annual availab ility 75% depend able Yield (MCM) Percen tage w.r.t. State Permiss ible use as per Tribun als (Mcm) 1 Godawari 15.43 49.5 11.25 50880 37300 28.35 34185 2 Tapi 5.12 16.7 3.73 9118 6977 5.3 5415 3 Narmada 0.16 0.5 0.03 580 315 0.24 308 4 Krishna 7.01 22.6 5.63 34032 28371 21.56 16818 5 West Flowing Rivers 3.16 10.7 1.86 69210 58599 44.55 69210 Maharash tra 30.88 100 22.5 163820 131562 100 125936 1.2 KEY CHALLENGES IN WATER SECTOR In the above context, it is needless to explain the importance of water, which is the lifeblood for the existence of life on this earth. It can be a matter of life and death, depending on how it occurs and how it is managed. If it is managed properly, it can act as instrument for economic and social survival. Water ensures food security, feeds livestock, maintains organic life and fulfils domestic and industrial needs. Besides the engineering and scientific angle, the present water situation has political, legal, environmental, social, economic and even religious connotations. The increasing gap between demand and availability of water is becoming a crucial issue which divides people in to ‘haves’ and ‘have not’ in every nation. Further, to add pressure, apart from geographical demarcations, water divided people from urban and rural, rich and poor. Without efficient water management and optimum utilisation of this essential, scarce and valuable commodity, our ecosystem will experience water crisis in future due to increasing water demand verses decreasing per capita water availability. The Climate Change is expected to worsen the situation. As an attempt to resolve the water scarcity issue and minimize temporal and spatial variations it is necessary to propose either storing of river waters in reservoirs behind large dams to transfer water from the season of abundance to that of scarcity, or long-distance water transfers from `surplus’ areas to watershort areas which constitutes supply side solutions. On the other hand, there are demand side solution, i.e. to optimise demand by efficient water management. In this era, it is necessary to concentrate on supply as well as demand side solutions. Page 6 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 1.3 ABOUT MAHARASHTRA WATER RESOURCES DEPARTMENT 1.3.1 About State of Maharashtra Maharashtra occupies the western and central part of the India and has a long coastline stretching nearly 720 kilometres along the Arabian Sea. The Sahyadri mountain ranges provide a physical backbone to the State on the west, while the Satpuda hills along the north and Bhamragad-Chiroli-Gaikhuri ranges on the east serve as its natural borders. The State is surrounded by Gujarat to the north west, Madhya Pradesh to the north, Chhattisgarh to the east, Andhra Pradesh to the south east and Karnataka to the south and Goa to the south west. Maharashtra is the second largest state in India both in terms of population and geographical area (3.08 lakh sq. km.). The State has a population of 11.24 crore (Census 2011) which is 9.3 per cent of the total population of nation. The State is highly urbanised with 45.2 per cent people residing in urban areas. The State has 35 districts which are divided into six revenue division’s viz. Konkan, Pune, Nashik, Aurangabad, Amravati and Nagpur for administrative purposes. The State has a long tradition of having statutory bodies for planning at the district level. For local self-governance in rural areas, there are 33 Zilla Parishads, 351 Panchayat Samitis and 27,906 Gram Panchayats. The urban areas are governed through 26 Municipal Corporations, 219 Municipal Councils, 7 Nagar Panchayats and 7 Cantonment Boards. The gross state domestic product (GSDP) at current prices for 2011-12 is estimated at 11,99,548 crore and contributes about 14.4 per cent of the GDP. The GSDP has been growing at a rapid pace over the last few years. Presently industrial and services sector both together contribute about 87.1 per cent of the State’s income. The agriculture & allied activities sector contributes 12.9 per cent to the State’s income. Out of total geographical area of 308 lakh ha, state has 225 lakh hectares of land under cultivation and area under forest is 52.1 lakh hectares. According to the Water and Irrigation Commission Report, the ultimate irrigation potential of the state is estimated as 126 lakh ha, including 85 lakh ha from surface water and 41 lakh ha from ground water. The State enjoys a tropical monsoon climate, the hot scorching summer from March onwards yields to the rainy monsoon in early June. The rich green cover persists with mild winter during monsoon season that follows through an unpleasant October transition. The seasonal rains from the western sea-clouds are very heavy and the rainfall is over 400 cm on the Sahyadrian crests. The Konkan on the windward side is also endowed with heavy rainfall, declining northwards. East of the Sahyadri, the rainfall diminishes to a meagre 70 cm in the western plateau districts, with Solapur-Ahmednagar lying in the heart of the dry zone. The rains increase slightly, later in the season, eastwards in the Marathwada and Vidarbha regions. 1.3.2 About Maharashtra Water Resources Department Water is included in the state list (List 2) of 7th schedule of the Constitution of India except inter-state rivers and river valleys. All activities related to planning, development and management of water resources are undertaken by the respective states. All surface water management related activities in the State of Maharashtra are managed by Water Resources Department (WRD). Page 7 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report The Water Resources Department (formerly known as Irrigation Department) has a glorious history of Irrigation and Water Management over last 150 years. The MWRD came into existence in 1867 as a separate organisation under Public Works Department during British era. The state of Maharashtra came into existence in the year 1960 after bifurcation of old Bombay State into Maharashtra and Gujarat. In the year 1960 the Public Works Department was divided into Irrigation Department and Building and Communication Department. On 26 October 2004, Irrigation Department is renamed as ‘Water Resources Department’ resembling the importance of water as a scare resource. The Water Resources Department is entrusted with survey, investigation, design, construction, maintenance and management of water resources and hydropower projects in the river basins of the state. It also undertakes command area development programmes, water drainage schemes, research activities, training, dam safety, quality control, hydrology data collection and analysis, Kharbhumi schemes etc. Till 2012, department constructed 3332 water resources project and thereby created water storage capacity of 33385 Mcum and irrigation potential of 48.61 lakh ha across state. 1.3.3 Organisational Structure of MWRD The activities of department are allotted to by Minister, WRD (except MKVDC), Minister (MKVDC) and Minister (Kharland). Further, Minister (WR & CAD) and State Minister (Kharland) lead their assigned portfolio. From administrative side, Principal Secretary (WR) and Principal Secretary (CADA) are responsible for the functioning of the organisation. At field level, there are five corporations headed by Executive Director which caters all activities related to water resources projects. These corporations are- 1) Maharashtra Krishna Valley Development Corporation, Pune, 2) Godavari Marathwada Irrigation Development Corporation, Aurangabad, 3) Tapi Irrigation Development Corporation, Jalgaon, 4) Vidarbha Irrigation Development Corporation, Nagpur & 5) Konkan Irrigation Development Corporation, Thane Further, in order to augment research, design, training, quality control etc. allied activities, there are two renowned organisations under WRD headed by Director General and these organisations are- 1) Maharashtra Engineering Research Institute, (MERI) Nashik 2) Water And Land Management Institute, (WALMI) Aurangabad In order to promote hydropower, following regional offices are established under WRD- 1) Chief Engineer (Civil), Hydropower Project, Pune 2) Chief Engineer (Electrical), Hydropower Project, Mumbai Separate Mechanical organisation is entrusted with the works related to earth work, LIS, gates, etc. under Chief Engineer (Mechanical), Nasik. Other prominent organisations under MWRD are Hydrology Projects, Maharashtra Water Resource Development Centre, Maharashtra Engineering Training Academy, Central Design Organization, Dam Safety Organization, Directorate of Irrigation Development and Research, Quality Control and Vigilance units. In nutshell, following table gives number of offices under MWRD- Page 8 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report Sr. No. Name of Office No. of Offices 1) Principal Secretary 2 2) Corporations headed by Executive Director 5 3) Organisations headed by Director General 2 4) Regions headed by Chief Engineer 11 5) Organisations headed by Chief Engineer 6 6) Circles headed by Superintending Engineer 71 7) Divisions headed by Executive Engineer 325 8) Sub-divisions headed by Deputy Engineer 1317 9) Sections headed by Sectional Engineer 464 10) Allied offices 21 Total 2224 1.4 DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS IN THE PAST Here, it would not be out of place to enumerate a few highlights regarding irrigation development prior to independence: a) The Phad system, a very economical method of management of irrigation water was practiced. This system was based on the cooperation of farmers whose fields were to be irrigated. b) Malgujari tanks in Vidarbha were constructed about two centuries back. c) Nira canal system was constructed way back around 1880 and is functioning efficiently even today. d) Dams like Khadakwasla, Darna, Bhandardara were constructed before 1926. During Pre-plan period, only 2.74 lakh ha irrigation potential was created in the state and till June-2012 it has been enhanced to 48.61 lakh ha with 33,385 MCum water storage capacity created through 79 major, 249 medium & 3004 minor irrigation projects. WRD has constructed 58 hydropower projects with installed capacity of 3606 MW. The hydropower projects having installed capacity less than 25 MW are being implemented by private partners based on Public Private Partnership. Till now, 17 such small hydro projects are completed and 76 are under development. Maharashtra state is the pioneer in Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM). There are successful examples of Water User’s Association’s (WUA) in various parts of the State. About 1545 WUA’s are registered under MMISF Act and 2920 WUA’s are registered under Societies Registration Act. The Maharashtra state is one among few states to have its own water policy, adopted in 2003. Maharashtra Water Resources Regulatory Authority (MWRRA) Act 2005 was enacted and first regulatory Authority in water sector in the country was established. The state is pioneer in publishing Irrigation Status Report, Benchmarking Report and Water Audit reports. Maharashtra is the first state after Australia who is publishing report on benchmarking regularly. 1.5 CHALLENGES BEFORE WATER RESOURCES DEPARTMENT The MWRD is very large organisation, dealing with the complex water issue for the state. Till date, there are many success stories developed by the department, but since last few years, departments is passing through crucial stage. The challenges before Water Resources Department are as follows- Page 9 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 1) The all-round equitable socio-economic development of the state is one of the major concern for MWRD and without water, it is not possible to promote agriculture and industries for securing food and energy security. 2) While carrying out developmental activity thrust for MWRD is to provide prosperity to the state through its development activities. The major challenge in today’s situation is to provide equal access to water at reasonable cost at farthest reach to every citizen and for environment protection. 3) The limited resources like funds, manpower and constraints like private and forest land acquisition and rehabilitation are major hurdles in timely completion of ongoing water resources projects. This causes time and cost overruns and delays the development of the region as a whole. The irrigable area in the state through surface water is about 85 Lakh ha, out of which till June 2012, irrigation potential created on 48.61 lakh ha area. For MWRD, target is to create additional irrigation potential on 36.39 lakh ha area to reach its target of 85 lakh ha. Therefore completion of ongoing, proposed water resources schemes along with inter basin water transfer scheme is a major challenge for MWRD. 4) Declining per capita water availability due to increasing population and rising multi-sectorial water demand for irrigation, industries and domestic water use is causing water crisis situation in the state. In order to bridge the gap between water availability and demand there is an urgent need for improving the water-use efficiency of completed projects. Also, MWRD created irrigation potential of 48.61 Lakh Ha out of which actual area irrigated in 32.35 Lakh ha, which is nearly 67%. Therefore, appropriate steps needs to be taken to match these figures. Further there is a need to reduce seepage and evaporation loss and promotion to recycled water in industries. 5) The department came in to existence in 1867 as a part of Public Works Department and since then water resources projects were constructed across the state. Now there is an urgent need of renovation and maintenance of old projects which were constructed long ago so that their intended benefits will be received without any interruption and disaster. 6) Electricity has become a basic need like food, cloth & shelter and it is linked with the GDP growth of state. Conventional sources of energy are thermal & atomic power whereas hydropower is a renewable source of energy. Therefore it is a need of the hour to harness the potential of hydro power of the state as state is blessed with Sahyadri range providing ideal sites for hydro-electric projects. 7) Institutional restructuring of Water Resources Department in order to provide better service to the citizens is one of the major challenges. The human resource and their job specifications needs to be analysed in order to restructure the entire Water Resources Department. Nearly 45,000 staff is working under 1890 offices of MWRD which should be aligned to achieve a common goal. Frequent introductions of reforms in MWRD are utmost important in this dynamic world. 8) Water Resource sector touches many fields including engineering, geology, social aspects, environmental issues, finance etc. In order to optimise water use, and introduce innovative design concepts it is necessary to encourage sustainable Research and Development in the department. Page 10 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 9) Encouragement to human resources of department for efficient functioning so that citizens receive quality service and at the same time human resources are optimally utilised. This is one of the major challenge for MWRD which needs careful evaluation to have work-life balance. 10)The development of Information and Communication Technology has enabled improved quality of services at reasonable cost to the masses within little time. Therefore maximum utilisation of potential of Information and Communication Technology through e-Governance projects is important for the department. 1.6 SWOT ANALYSIS The Strengths-Weakness-Opportunity and Threats analysis of Water Resources Department is carried out as follows- 1.7 WAY FORWARD: In order to serve citizens better and contribute in the development of state by changing the working style of Water Resources Department, following study groups were formulated vide Government Circular dated 12/06/2013. 1) Construction of Water Resources Projects 2) Improving Water Use Efficiency 3) Renovation and Improvement of Old Projects 4) Hydro Power Development 5) Institutional restructuring and Reforms 6) Research and Development 7) Human Resources Development 8) E-Governance Next chapter deals with the formulation of present Vision document. Strength •History of 150 years •Leader in Country in number of dams •Huge Infrastructure & renowned institutions •Leader in Water Reforms •Huge Technical Manpower •Young Engineers •Huge Land Assets Weakness •Outdated & complex processes & rules •Poor & one way Communication •Non uniform work distribution •Centralisation of Power •Lack of Trust & Confidence •Resistance to change •Shortage of manpower & funds Opportunity •Awareness of precious Water Resource at all levels •High Demand •Scope for co-operation & tie-ups •Tourism & Fishing •Hydropower •ICT Tools & Technique Threats •Growing Water Demand •Climate Change •Need to manage multi-disciplinary fields •Socil Issues like land acquistion & rehabiliation •Limited resources •Water has political value Page 11 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 2. LOOKING AHEAD TO THE FUTURE-VISION FOR MWRD 2.1 NEED FOR VISION-2020 OF MWRD Like a lion who looks back with a sense of pride and self-esteem as to how much he has achieved wondering how much remains to be conquered, (Sinhavalokan) we need to sit back and ask ourselves, what have we done all these years that would qualify us to be called a civilized society. Preparation of Vision 2020 report is of paramount importance both for knowing exactly where our department has reached and for future planning. The Water Resources of any state and the extent to which these have been exploited, is a major determinant of its prosperity. With great river systems, Maharashtra is endowed with enormous water resources. These rivers, since times immemorial, have nurtured and seeded our civilisation & culture by providing life- giving water for sustaining agriculture, industries and domestic needs. The Water Resources Department of Government of Maharashtra is entrusted with survey, investigation, planning, designing, construction, maintenance and management of water resource projects including hydropower projects. The Department has a glorious history of 150 years and till June-2012, it has successfully created irrigation potential of 48.25 lakh ha and a water storage capacity of 33,385 MCum through 79 major, 249 medium & 3004 minor irrigation projects. It also constructed 58 hydropower projects with installed capacity of 3606 MW. The Department implemented several pioneering initiatives including enactment of MWRRA Act, MWSIP Act, publication of State Water Policy, and annual Benchmarking Reports, Water Audit Report and Irrigation Status Reports. The Water Resources Department is facing challenges in mitigating the increased expectations and demand for water by stakeholders and serving society with its limited resources. The challenges in timely completion of ongoing water resources project within budgeted cost, water use efficiency in management of completed project, bridging the gap between irrigation potential created and irrigated, renovation and maintenance of old projects, green energy through hydro power, inadequate institutional framework, implementation of eGovernance projects, efficient and motivated human resources of department, encouragement to research and development are the important pain areas for the Water Resources Department. It is the duty and responsibility of Water Resources Department to harness the water resource of the state optimally and provide water for human and environmental activities. The water crisis is alarming and if not addressed in time, it will cause tension in the society. Therefore Water Resources Department takes this opportunity to focus on this vital limited resource and provide Page 12 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report adequate drinking water to each resident of the state, then fulfil demand of water for agriculture, industries& environmental activities by maximizing the water use efficiency through the use of advanced technologies. This Vision-2020 document serves as a guide for the Water Resources Department in order to overcome challenges and make Maharashtra state a ‘Sujalam-Sufalam’ state without any water crisis situation. 2.2 APPROACH TO VISION DEVELOPMENT Following figure presents the approach adopted for evolving present vision documentIn order to create the present document a bottom-up participatory approach has been followed, which includes research, workshops, website publications, •GR dated 12 June 2013 •8 Working Groups headed by Senior officer •Ownership of formulation of Vision Document is with Department. Formation of Working Groups •Internal & external experts participated •Participatory Approach •Present State Assessment – SWOT •Quantitative & Qualitative Assessment Sector Wise plan by Working Group •at WALMI on 28 June 2013 Participation of Minister & Senior Officers •at WALMI on 31 Aug 2013 •Challenges & Oppotunities Discussed •Future State Definition & Vision & Objectives Brainstorming Workshop •Meeting on 7 Aug 2013 •Meeting on 17 Oct 2013 •Meeting on 28 Nov 2013 Finalisation of Sectoral Concept Notes •Draft Vision Document made publically available by 25 April 2014 for feedback •Workshop on Vision 2020 at Bhatsanagar on 3 May 2014 Vision 2020 Report Page 13 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report and many other means for absorbing, synthesizing and disseminating knowledge. The approach was designed to generate awareness among officers about the risks of inaction, and to encourage innovative and lateral thinking on water-resources problems. The ultimate goal has been to generate the commitment needed to turn this increased awareness into effective action for the benefit of all in the present and future generations. Extensive research was carried out while formulating the present vision document. Various relevant reports including a series of ‘Water Vision 2025’ exercises which were undertaken by the different countries in South Asia under the auspices of the Global Water Partnership for the World Water Forum held at The Hague in March 2000 were consulted. Also national vision documents like India Water Vision, South Asia Water Vision 2025 were also studied and appropriate modifications were made to suit the state level and national requirements. 2.3 VISION STATEMENT The vision for MWRD will encompass the sustainable development of the state along with environmental protection. Since water is a concern for every living organism, and for nature, its comprehensive and equitable distribution is of great importance. Amidst the rising demand for water the depleting sources will be efficiently conserved and utilised to balance all contradictory views and competing demand for water. The vision for MWRD will be based on realistic data, facts and an appropriate assessment of future scenarios. But it will not be constrained by past trends at the cost of neglecting emerging opportunities for improvement and development. Instead, the history of MWRD will act as a bedrock for the foundation of future accomplishments. There is a need for a drastic change in methodology, procedure, technology and in few legislations as well, which will suit the future state of the department. The present attempt for framing the vision statement for MWRD has been undertaken in order to inspire the whole organization and its stakeholders in order to achieve a common goal. The present Vision 2020 document will serve as a road map for designing and implementing appropriate policies and strategies. The vision statement for MWRD is, “Optimally conserve allocated water resources of the state in sustainable, equitable and efficient manner to fulfil drinking, irrigation, industrial and environmental needs at reasonable cost by efficient utilisation of water using state of the art technologies, best practices and empowered competent human resources, so as to make MWRD a leader in Water Resources Management by 2020.” Page 14 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 2.4 MISSION STATEMENTS 1) •Creation of additional irrigation potential of additional 10 lakh ha by 2020 2) •Publication of Annual Construction Status Report 3) •Improve water use efficiency by 20% by 2020 4) •Policy for pipe distribution network and Micro irrigation for water intensive crops. 5) •Reduce gap between IP created and actual irrigation by 15% by 2020 6) •Assessment of Irrigation through Remote Sensing & GIS. 7) •Enforce 20% recycled water use in non irrigation sector. 8) •Transfer of irrigation management to WUAs on 10 lakh Ha 9) •Supply of water through measuring devices & billing on volumetric basis to Water User’s Association and Metered supply to Non Irrigation users by 2015. 10) •Phase wise renovation and modernisation programme for projects & its components with age more than 25 years will be carried out by 2020. 11) •Sedimentation study of selected projects through remote sensing, Bathometric & other technologies by 2020 and taking appropriate measures. 12) •Revision of state water policy for inclusive growth and development of state as a whole by 2015. 13) •Carry out phase-wise Government Process Reengineering by 2016, keeping special attention to Institutional restructuring & reforms 14) •Water Resources Management through real time information system. 15) •Preparation of master plan for real time flood forecasting and management including integrated operation of reservoirs for each river basin by 2016. 16) •Launch integrated river basin management for Upper Godavari basin by 2015 & other basins by 2020 17) •Empower River Basin Agencies and strengthen institutions. 18) •Trap maximum hydro potential of the state to meet peak power requirement and promote PPP policy for development of hydro project. 19) •Coordination with line departments like Agriculture, GSDA, Water Supply, MoWR for improving water use efficiency and productivity. 20) •Establishing Technology Approval Mechanism for seamless introduction and implementation of new technology in the organisation by 2015. 21) •Anytime, anywhere service through e-Governance and Empowered & Competent HR for sustainable development of WR Page 15 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 3. SECTORIAL PLANS 3.1 Socio-Economic Development of State  Sustainable and equitable access to quality water to meet the basic needs of all stakeholders, including environmental concerns.  Conservation, storage, management, distribution recycling and reuse of water for food and energy security of the state.  Formation of Water Quality Mission for monitoring water quality and consequently adopt appropriate measures through coordination with other line agencies by 2015.  Revision of state water policy for inclusive growth and development of state as a whole by 2015.  Formulation of Integrated State Water Plan by 2015  Launch integrated river basin management piloted in upper Godavari sub basin by 2015 and phase wise upscale in other sub basins by 2020.  Development of effective and sustainable strategies for addressing natural and man-made water-resources problems, water related disasters, including climate variability and change;  Preparation of master plan for real time flood forecasting and management including integrated operation of reservoirs for each river basin by 2016.  Encouragement to water-tourism and evolution of a business model through Public Private Partnership for eco-friendly and cost-effective tourism facilities at reservoir. 3.2 Welfare of Society, State and Nation  Review of Citizen Charter for farmers by 2014.  Special attention to weaker sections of societies including tribal’s and marginalised groups, drought prone areas, flood prone areas and hilly areas. Page 16 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report  Ascertainment of improvement in standard of living of project affected persons through participation and treating them as vital stakeholders.  Enhancement of public awareness and commitment among all stakeholders for sustainable water-resources management, including the mainstreaming of gender issues and youth concerns and the use of participatory approaches.  Encouragement of an increase role of women in decision making regarding water use through Water User’s Association.  Conflict Resolution mechanism for minimizing conflicts and litigations including inter-state water dispute by co-operation and participatory decision making.  Appropriate measures to Promote transparency, effective governance and decentralised management. 3.3 Construction of WR Projects  Publication of annual Construction Status Report on lines of Irrigation Status Report by 2015.  Completion of ongoing irrigation projects in the state in phase wise manner till 2020 to create additional irrigation potential of 10 lakh ha from current 48.61 lakh ha, by completing —- projects having storage capacity of ____ Mcum.  Focus on techno-economical solution with quality product.  Prioritisation of ongoing projects and project components for completion.  Promotion of closed conduit pipe distribution network and micro irrigation in command area of ongoing projects with the aim of curbing losses and improving water-use efficiency.  Evolution of mechanism for efficient planning, executing and monitoring of projects to avoid time and cost overruns.  Laying emphasis for availing fund from centrally sponsored schemes like AIBP, PM Package, National Agricultural Development Schemes, National Projects etc. for raising funds for completion of ongoing projects.  Devising mechanisms like Public Private Partnership for raising fund.  Modified methodology for approval and execution of new projects by 2017. Page 17 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 3.4 Improving Water Use Efficiency  Acceptance of water as valuable, finite, renewable and shared resource and encouragement of maximum water use efficiency in domestic, industrial and irrigation sector.  Promotion to appropriate demand and supply side solutions for mitigating water needs of stakeholders.  Improving water use efficiency by 20% by 2020.  Policy for closed conduit pipe distribution network and Micro irrigation (Drip & Sprinkler etc.) in 100% command area having water intensive crops.  Policy and appropriate measures for minimising evaporation losses.  Coordinated development and management of surface and ground water by promoting conjunctive use.  Reducing gap between IP created and actual irrigation by 15% by 2020.  Review of planned and existing water planning, crop pattern and take appropriate measures.  Enforce 20% recycled water use in non irrigation sector.  Implementation of various measures and tools like water auditing, benchmarking, regulation, improved operation and management techniques, capacity building and communication for improved water use efficiency.  Co-ordination with various line department agricultural, GSDA etc. so as to optimize water use.  Empower Water User’s Association and form additional 3000 Water User’s Association and make them operational by 2020 to manage 10 lakh ha area.  Supply of water through measuring devices & billing on volumetric basis to Water User’s Association and Metered supply to Non Irrigation users by 2015.  Appropriate fund for maintenance of projects, canal networks and assets to supply right quantity of water at right time.  Canal automation and real time data collection for specific projects till 2020.  Assessment of Irrigation through Remote Sensing & GIS.  Improve drainage and minimise ill effects of over-irrigation. Page 18 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 3.5 Renovation and Improvement of Old Projects  Phase wise renovation and modernisation programme for major, medium and minor projects & components with age more than 25 years will be carried out by 2020.  0.5% of budgeted fund will be reserved for renovation of projects and maximum utilisation of fund from convergence of various available schemes like- RRR, CADWM, Finance Commission, MNEREGA, NABARD etc.  Detailed study on reduction in storage capacity through sedimentation study of selected projects through remote sensing, Bathometric & other technologies by 2020 and taking appropriate measures.  Policy for planned and unplanned Carry over storage, sustainable maintenance of Lift Irrigation Schemes and hydraulic audit of existing canals will be formulated by 2015.  Restoration of projects having seepage problems. 3.6 Hydro Power Development  Completion and operation of three ongoing hydro power projects by 2017 to create installed capacity of 105 MW.  Preparation of DPR and AA to 6 proposed PSS having surplus off-peak power to add 4850 MW in addition to existing 3614 MW by 2020.  Trap maximum hydro potential of the state to meet peak power requirement.  Promote PPP in development of Hydro Projects / PSS by acting as a service provider by appropriate PPP Policy by 2015.  Special attention to renovation of old hydro projects and lease agreements. Page 19 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report 3.7 Institutional Restructuring and Reforms  To develop WRD extensively through the use of modern technology and efficient, transparent, professional work culture thereby maximizing productivity.  Carry out phase-wise Government Process Reengineering by 2016.  Empower River Basin Agencies and strengthen all Institutions including WALMI, MERI, CDO, DSO, DIRD, Hydro Project, SLTAC, Mechanical Organisation, dealing with water resources by appropriate reforms to enable them for effective and integrated management of water in space, on ground and under-ground, including inter basins transfer by 2020.  Compilation of GR of important subject areas by 2014 & consolidation by 2015.  Creation of Maharashtra Water Resources Manual (MWRM) by 2015 by appropriate modifications in existing MPW Manual and appropriate changes in specifications, Red Book, standard bid document & PWD Handbooks by 2017.  Re-organization of offices and workload by 2014 & separation of construction and Management wings from regional level by 2015. 3.8 Research and Development  Identify the present challenges, strengths and weaknesses of existing R&D wing, investigate underlying obstacles which have prevented it from catching global pace and to give an implementable road map to convert identity of WRD into competitive and high-tech department, capable of delivering quality products and services to the satisfaction of the people of the state by 2020.  Manage challenges posed by climate change through participation with national and international institutes and associations.  Minimize the gap between theoretical knowledge base and field practices by encouragement to innovative ideas through pilot projects.  Panel on experts by 2014 to advice on new technologies / challenges.  Establishing Technology Approval Mechanism for seamless introduction and implementation of new technology in the organisation by 2015. Page 20 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report  Increased and sustainable sources of funding for carrying out R&D related activities.  Innovative use of construction material / machinery/ equipment’s & design approach  Collaborating with private and public sector enterprises.  Creation of special R&D Cadre for by 2015 & capacity building of internal R & D wing by necessary Institutional Restructuring and well-structured Human Resource Development schemes. 3.9 Human Resources Development  Recruitment of all vacant post by 2017 and 3% recruitment in each year thereafter.  Finalisation of all pending seniority lists by 2014.  E-Service Book & HRM software by 2015 for establishment related matters.  Job Analysis and Job Specification of all posts by 2014.  Training Need Analysis for all posts for Induction, on Promotion, Role change and fixed interval trainings 2014.  Motivate HR for participation in international/national events and workshops  Special courses at premium institutes for senior officers, (10% per year)  Approach papers on various important issues by Think tank.  Encourage talented human resource to join R&D organisations by providing financial rewards for innovate design. This in house talent base will be augmented by constitution of Panel of Experts. 3.10 E-Governance  Creation of an effective and financially sustainable system for data collection, assessment and dissemination for decision making at various levels using Information and Communication Technology. Page 21 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report  Provisioning of ICT infrastructure including personalised e-mail solution for officers, Video-conferencing solution, LAN, WAN and VPN connectivity, Appropriate mobile devices as per technological requirements by 2015  Enhancements to eJalseva through GPR of basic modules with improved user interface & simpler forms, enhanced reporting and dashboard features using business intelligence tools, Online estimate preparation functionality including DSR, rate analysis, etc. e-Measurement Book, billing and contracts management, Online submission of monthly accounts, Information System for Water Users Associations for enhancing participation by 2016.  Implementation of Mobile-based services for Flood alerts, Meetings/reminder alerts to concerned officers, Water supply, billing and related information communication, Reservoir storage data input from field staff, Geo-time stamped photographs for documentation for work in progress, etc. by 2016.  Remote Sensing and GIS-based Decision Support System for mapping State Water Plan vis-à-vis created and balanced water in a state, mapping of water bodies using GIS maps and remote sensing data, mapping of canal network & structures, Command area map and catchment area maps, mapping of irrigation potential achieved based on satellite data as compared to actual, Impact assessment of irrigation projects using land-use parameters, Flood line maps etc. by 2016.  Enablement of electronic service delivery through CSC like Maha e-Seva Centre by 2016.  Integration with BDS and Sevaarth systems, GRAS, eOffice, e-Payment Gateway, other Mission Mode Projects, SMS gateway and email solution by 2016 and Integration with Land Records Information System for sharing of information regarding to land records, ownership titles, disputes, Integration with UID/ Aadhaar For citizen/ business centric services, by seeding the Farmers Database with UID/ Aadhaar identity information, Integration with portals developed by Central Water Commission and Ministry of Water Resources for sharing of information, irrigation and water resource data and other best practices, Integration with Agriculture MMP of the Department of Agriculture, Government of India for providing information and services on irrigation infrastructure, Integration with state-wide e-Procurement & e-Auction system for better contract management by 2016.  Land Use Mapping system for Allocation of water, Reservation of water for nonirrigation purpose, Change in cropping pattern, Non-agriculture use of land by 2020.  SCADA based Data Acquisition System for Canal Automation and Supervisory Control for efficient billing and collection purpose, as decision making tool for determining release of water by capturing data on cropping pattern, cropped area, and water requirements as per norms by 2020.  Decision Support System for Water Management Modelling System for Water Sharing among stakeholders by 2020.  Business Intelligence Tools for Implementation of cutting-edge ICT-based improvements in the water sector and continuously utilizing the advancement of ICT for better service delivery by appropriately enhancing eJalseva by 2020. Page 22 of 22 Maharashtra Water Resources Department-Vision 2020 Report Members of Study Groups:- Sr. No. Team Name of Member Guidance Mrs. Malini Shankar, Principal Secretary, (CAD), Mantralaya Mr. E.B. Patil, Principal Secretary, (WR), Mantralaya Mr. H. T. Mendhegiri, Director General, WALMI, Aurangabad. 1) Editorial Team Shri. T. N. Munde, Superintending Engineer, Koyna Design Circle, Pune Dr. Sanjay Belsare, SE & Under Secretary, Mantralaya, Mumbai Shri. Pravin Kolhe, Asst. Chief Engineer, Special Projects, WRD, Amravati Shri. Girish Nagarkar, Assistant Engineer-I, Koyna Design Circle, Pune 2) Improving Water Use Efficiency Shri. R. B. Ghote, Chief Engineer & Joint Secretary, Mantralaya Mumbai Shri. A. V. Surve, Chief Engineer, Water Resources Department, Pune Shri. D. R. Joshi, SE & Under Secretary, Mantralaya, Mumbai Dr. Sanjay Belsare, SE & Under Secretary, Mantralaya, Mumbai 3) Timely Completion of Irrigation Projects Shri. Rajendra Pawar, Chief Engineer, (Special Projects), WR, Amravati Shri. S.D. Kulkarni, Superintending Engineer, DIRD, Pune Shri. S.D. Giri, Superintending Engineer, Satara Irrigation Circle, Satara Shri. A. R. Kambale, SE, Aurangabad Irrigation Circle, Aurangabad Shri. V. K. Kambale, Superintending Engineer (Mech), Pune Shri. T.N. Munde, Superintending Engineer, Koyna Design Circle, Pune Shri. H.V. Gunale, SE, Koyna Construction Circle, Satara 4) Institutional restructuring and Reforms Shri. C.A. Birajdar, Executive Director, Godavari Marathwada Irrigation Development Corporation, Aurangabad Shri. R.V. Panase, Chief Engineer & Joint Secretary, Mantralaya Mumbai Shri. C.A. Hangekar, SE, Nasik Irrigation Project Circle, Dhule 5) Human Resources Development Dr. Sanjay Belsare, SE & Under Secretary Mantralaya, Mumbai Shri. A. B. Patil, Joint Secretary (Services), Mantralaya Mumbai Shri. R.S. Sontakke, SE & Joint Director, WALMI, Aurangabad Shri. Pravin Kolhe, Asst. Chief Engineer, Special Projects, WRD, Amravati Shri. Haribhau Gite, Assistant Engineer-I, CDO, Nashik. Shrimati. Rajani Thakur, Assistant Executive Engineer, CDO, Nashik 6) E-Governance Shri. T.N. Munde, Superintending Engineer, Koyna Design Circle, Pune Shri. K.M. Shah, Superintending Engineer , Quality Control Circle, Pune Shri. S.K. Ghanekar, Superintending Engineer, KWDT (Special Cell), Pune 7) Renovation &Improvement of Old Projects Shri. R.B. Shukla, Executive Director, Vidharbha Irrigation Development Corporation, Nagpur Shri. I.S. Chaudhari, SE, Pune Irrigation Circle, Pune Shri. K.B. Kulkarni, Superintending Engineer, CADA, Pune 8) Hydro Power Development Shri. D.N. Modak, Chief Engineer, Hydropower Projects, Pune Shri. B.S. Swami, SE, Beed Irrigation Project Circle, Parali Shri. A.B. Rajivan, SE, Hydropower Project, Ghatghar (E&M), Thane 9) Research and Development Shri. V.M. Kulkarni, Chief Engineer, Water Resources, Nagpur Shri. C.A. Hangekar, SE, Nasik Irrigation Project Circle, Dhule Shri. S.D. Salunke, SE, Nagpur Irrigation Circle, Nagpur Shri. M.B. Nakil, Executive Engineer, MERI, Nashik

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