Nihat ErimTurkish Politician
Ismail Nihat Erim was a Turkish politician and jurist. He served as the Prime Minister of Turkey for almost 14 months after the 1971 Turkish coup d’état. He was assassinated in Istanbul in 1980. Wikipedia
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Ismail Nihat Erim
|Prime Minister of Turkey|
March 26, 1971 – May 22, 1972
|Preceded by||Süleyman Demirel|
|Succeeded by||Ferit Melen|
|Deputy Prime Minister|
January 16, 1949 – May 22, 1950
|Preceded by||Faruk Ahmet Barutçu|
|Succeeded by||Samet Ağauğlu|
|Minister of Public Works|
June 10, 1948 – January 16, 1949
|Preceded by||Kasım Gülek|
|Succeeded by||Hasan Şevket Adalan|
Kandıra, Hudavendigar,Ottoman Empire
|Died||July 19, 1980
Kartal, Istanbul Province,Turkey
|Resting place||Zincirlikuyu Cemetery, Istanbul|
|Political party||Republican People’s Party(CHP)|
|Alma mater||Istanbul University, University of Paris|
Ismail Nihat Erim (1912 – July 19, 1980) was a Turkish politician and jurist. He served as the Prime Minister of Turkey for almost 14 months after the 1971 Turkish coup d’état. He was assassinated in Istanbul in 1980.
Nihat Erim was born in Kandıra to Raif Erim and Macide Erim. After graduating from Istanbul University Law School in 1936, he studied further to earn his doctorate degree in Paris Law School in 1939. He returned toTurkey to become an assistant professor in 1939 and professor in 1942 at the Ankara University School of Law.
He was appointed as legal advisor to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1943 while he was still in the university. He also served as an advisor in the Turkish committee at the conference on the foundation of the United Nations in San Francisco in 1945. That same year, he was elected and served as the Kocaeli Province representative at the Turkish Parliament to join the Republican People’s Party (Turkish: Cumhuriyet Halk Partisi, CHP) group at the parliament. In 1949, he served as the minister of public works and later as Deputy Prime Minister.
Erim was married to Kamile Erim née Okutman and has two children Işık Erim and Işıl Onalp née Erim. He has five grandchildren and ten great-grandchildren.
In 1950, when CHP lost the majority in the parliament after the elections, he lost his seat and became the chief politics editor and leading writer of the newspaper “Ulus” (“Nation“). When it was closed down by the government, he went on to publish his own newspaper, “Yeni Ulus–Halkçı” (“New Nation–Populist“) in 1953. In 1956, he participated at the negotiations on Cyprus in London, England.The same year, he was selected as the Turkish member of the European Commission on Human Rights to serve in this position until 1962. He led the Turkish committee on the preparation of the Cyprus constitution in 1959, following Zurich and London Agreements. He continued legally advising the Turkish committees at further negotiations on Cyprus at the United Nations.
After the military coup of 1960, once again he was elected and served as Kocaeli representative in the parliament, and this time as head of the CHP group. He was one the focal points of internal conflicts of CHP, opposing the leader Ismet Inönü. The conflict resulted in him being ousted from the party in 1962. He was re-elected to the party’s ruling committee taking second highest votes, thus joining the party again.
He served as the Turkish representative at the Council of Europe between 1961 and 1970, and was elected as deputy secretary general in 1961. In 1969, he was appointed as a member of the UN International Law Commission in The Hague, Netherlands.
In Turkey, after a spree of political violence, and the coup by memorandum, the army forced the resignation of prime minister Süleyman Demirel on March 12, 1971. Nihat Erim, while still at the university, was advised to withdraw from his post in the Republican People’s Party (CHP) by the National Security Council, which was then heavily influenced by the military. He was appointed a neutral and technocratic prime minister on March 26, 1971 to form a “national unity” coalition government (see 33rd government of Turkey), the first of a series of weak governments until the elections in 1973.
Erim was forced to resign when 11 technocratic ministers of his cabinet resigned as a body on December 3, 1971. However, he was appointed once more by the President Cevdet Sunay, and he formed his second cabinet on December 11, 1971. He resigned on April 17, 1972 on health grounds, when his decision to promulgate decree laws was not backed by the parliament. His resignation was approved on May 22, 1972, andFerit Melen, representative of the Van Province and minister of national defense in his cabinet, was appointed as the new prime minister and formed his own cabinet.
During his premiership, a significant contribution he made to Turkish politics was to form a ministry of culture (today in the form of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism), which was until then a mere department within the ministry of education. He appointed Talat Halman, journalist-writer, as the minister to this newly formed post. His government’s prohibition of opium poppy harvesting in June 1971 under US pressure fired controversy. A change in the constitution brought together a witch hunt for leftists, reaching its peak after the abduction and killing of the Israeli ambassador Efraim Elrom in May 1971. One of the boldest actions taken during Erim’s prime ministry was the closing down of the Workers Party of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye İşçi Partisi, TİP).
Erim was shot to death by two gunmen near his home in Kartal, Istanbul on July 19, 1980; his bodyguard, Ali Kartal, was also killed in the attack. Radical leftist Turkish militant group Dev Sol (Revolutionary Left) claimed responsibility for the attack. The assassination might have accelerated the military coup on September 12 of that year led by chief of staff Kenan Evren. The motive behind the assassination is thought to be related to the approval by the parliament of the execution of three leftist militants, one being Deniz Gezmiş, during his service as prime minister.
Erim’s assassination was part of the wave of political violence in Turkey in the late 1970s between left-wing Marxist and right-wing ultranationalist groups.
- Le Positivisme Juridique et le Droit International (Judicial Positivism and International Law), 1939.
- XVII. Yüzyıldan Zamanımııza Kadar Tabii Hukuk Nazariyeleri (Natural Theories of Law from 17th Century Until Today), translation from Le Fur, 1940.
- Amme Hukuku Dersleri (Public Law Lessons), 1941.
- Devletlerarası Amme Hukuku (International Public Law), translation from Le Fur, 1944.
- Siyasi Tarih ve Devletlerararası Hukuk Metinleri (Political History and International Law Texts), 1953.
DHKP-C’s Dark History
Dursun Karatas founder’s life after losing the DHKP-C from the distraction point of history full of bloody assassinations. Nihat Erim (the only prime minister who was killed in the Republic of Turkey), Customs and Excise Minister Day Sazak, Sakip Sabanci’s brother, Ozdemir Sabanci …
All DHKP-C were behind these assassinations.
DHKP-C is based on a tripod MAHİR ROOTS
Founded in 1970 under the leadership of Turkey Mahir Çayan People’s Liberation Party-Front (TPLP-C), acting as an organized and systematic violence in Turkey and was based on the basic structure view. This structure established by the tea and colleagues; organization, has exemplary left-revolutionary organization in the hierarchy and the action strategy Latin American countries.
The goal of TPLP-C and its derivatives, eliminating the state system was set up under the leadership of a Marxist-Leninist structure instead of the working class.
This perspective-is felt in the period of the Kurdish Left Party, at that time the Faculty of Political Sciences in Ankara, Abdullah Ocalan’s speech and was influenced by the Çayan TPLP-C activities.
After defending the revolution would spread to the rural areas than in cities, starting after TPLP-C itself has influenced many left-wing terrorist group that closely, like the DHKP-C …
IDEOLOGY OF TERROR: THE REVOLUTION THROUGH VIOLENCE
FOUNDATIONS OF ORGANIZATION sent off in 1978
BEDRİ OIL (SOL) and Dursun Karataş (MIDDLE)
In 1972, it entered into a process of disintegration TPLP-C lost his çatışmadahayat enters Mahir Çayan security forces. The organization, the proliferation of candidates who want to replace the Çayan leads to fights and influential leadership established a new organization within the thkp’n.
By the year 1978, Istanbul University Faculty of Forestry student, 26-year-old Dursun Karatas, based on several grounds Revolutionary Left (Dev-Sol) ‘u proclaimed they had established. TPLP-C was divided into two main groups, Istanbul wing (Dev-Sol), and the Ankara group (Dev-Yol) began operation as.
Dev-Sol’s founder Dursun Karatas by a peaceful socialism is impossible. The applicability of Marx and Engels in the United States partly peaceful solutions possible.Karatas, the state system to ensure the transition to socialism in countries like Turkey argues that should be removed completely.
According to the Dev-Sol: a peaceful transition illusion, that permanent revolution is not possible to destroy the state apparatus,
The establishment of the socialist state is not the parliamentary majority, it is possible to withstand the organized armed forces of the masses.
ORGANIZATIONAL “DAYICILAR- coup” DIVISION
Dursun Karatas, the organization which he called Dev-Sol were scattered after the 1980 coup in 1978. Karatas was sentenced to death as a result of the trial, but fled abroad in 1989 fled from the Bayrampaşa Prison.
Pulse period, they collect financial support of the militants fled abroad organization, Dev-Sol has gained self-sufficient financial strength to lobby after they build weapons from various countries began to regroup with money and logistics facilities.
Dev-Sol actions in often while targeting the MHP and the Grey Wolves were going to clash with the security forces. Attacks and organization of some police stations in Istanbul.
Dev-Sol, this time in Turkey to further mix, sensational assassination was planned in order to create chaos with terrorism. May 27, 1980 the former Minister of Customs and Excise Day Sazak, and on 19 July 1980, murdered by former Prime Minister Nihat Erim Dev-Sol.
Event site examinations in “Day Sazak we punish, we are now punishing the Nihat Erim. (Dev-Sol) “were found in a written statement. One name, who was killed on whether the prime minister of the Republic of Turkey is Nihat Erim.
Ocalan was CARE
Karatas, the position within the organization after he escaped from prison and was trying to laments the increasingly authoritarian one-man identity. In this case, the Dev-Sol (DHKP) was reflected in the publication. When the period of publication of Dev-Sol-led bodies that examined Karatas took him out to the forefront like Ocalan, it seems that the only man to come to the position in the organization.
“Leadership” in the name of positioning itself as an undisputed leader Karatas abroad after escaping from prison, he continued a life of luxury and comfort. But in this case, one of the organization’s most powerful names rebuffed by Bedri Yagan. Oil, Karatas luxury villas that take advantage of the financial opportunities of the organization, had taken repressive undemocratic decisions and criticized the devotion of women.
Dursun Bedri Yagan and friends after a while they begin to establish plans to overthrow the Karatas. These plans, of Karatas and colleagues Oil remains the villa was becoming the dominant impact within the organization. Yagan imprisoned leadership of the organization had considered migrating the villa’s basement Karatas kept under surveillance for a while, was questioned by the oil and colleagues.
Made in Germany on September 13, 1992, the impact of Bedri life, they never Lightning, gave the names of the support as Ibrahim Bingol.
Karatas somehow escaping from the holding place and reach the phone to people who carry out their activities in Turkey by the oil and friends, “the captive” and as soon as he meant it to be recovered in this case. However, events do not go as we wanted Karatas and most influential figures in the Dev-Sol was giving support to life in Turkey. He wrote a letter to some of the names on the Dev-Sol in Karatas prisons made plans to go to a new organization abducting them.
Dev-Sol passing through an interesting phase Karatas, began working life to trapping.
This anecdote is extremely remarkable staff engaged in activities in order to understand the world of the mind TPLP-C:
1974 In the summer of that invasion of Cyprus to protect the Turkish community on the island on terror EOKA blows Turkish Armed Forces, period TPLP-C staff and Dursun protest names events such Karatas, the walls “Independent United Cyprus” letters they wrote. During these articles he was taken into custody and was released after a period of Karatas.
HOW did the prosecutor’s office took refuge from ÜLKÜCÜ
DAWN SPRINGS (left) and BAHTİYAR DOĞRUYOL
One of the terrorists who killed prosecutor Bakhtiar was born in 1987 Doğruyol. Ankara University Faculty of Language, History and Geography student was also very active. DHKP-C and PKK based activities in emerging sounded frequently confronted with the nationalists. Even once the nationalists have been subjected to physical attacks and the prosecutor’s office filed a criminal complaint gradually. After a period of absence from school because the classes were separated, he devoted himself entirely to terrorism.
‘CAPTURE OF MY SON WAS HAYIRLI’
Other offensive Plateau Dawn is born in 1991 and Istanbul University Faculty of Law students. According to reports from his family was extremely poor. Family institutions have chatter, maybe placed illegally college but eventually continued its activities in the university, someone who acts on behalf of a terrorist organization … 2 years ago, his father is a member of a terrorist organization by the police “caught the better for me,” he said.