26th JULLY 1999 KARGIL VIJAY DIWAS

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Kargil Vijay Diwas

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E5DT6Y epa04331315 Indian school children form the shape of the Indian subcontinent as they pay tribute to martyrs near the Dharamsala War memorial during an event to mark the 15th anniversary of the Kargil Victory Day or Kargil Vijay Diwas in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India, 26 July 2014. The day marks the 11th anniversary of the Kargil Victory or Kargil Vijay Diwas. According to media reports, more than 500 Indian soldiers were martyred in the Kargil war that lasted for two months.  EPA/SANJAY BAID
E5DT6Y epa04331315 Indian school children form the shape of the Indian subcontinent as they pay tribute to martyrs near the Dharamsala War memorial during an event to mark the 15th anniversary of the Kargil Victory Day or Kargil Vijay Diwas in Dharamsala, Himachal Pradesh, India, 26 July 2014. The day marks the 11th anniversary of the Kargil Victory or Kargil Vijay Diwas. According to media reports, more than 500 Indian soldiers were martyred in the Kargil war that lasted for two months. EPA/SANJAY BAID
Not to be confused with Vijay Diwas.
Kargil Vijay Diwas
Date 26 July
Frequency annual

Kargil Vijay Diwas, named after the success of Operation Vijay. On this day, 26 July 1999, India successfully took command of the high outposts which had been lost to Pakistani intruders. The Kargil war was fought for more than 60 days, ended on 26 July. and resulted in the loss of life on both sides, India and Pakistan. Pakistan retreated after international diplomatic pressure[1]

Kargil Vijay Diwas is celebrated on 26 July every year in honour of the Kargil War’s Heroes. This day is celebrated in the Kargil – Dras sector and the national capital New Delhi, where the Prime Minister of India, pays homage to the soldiers at Amar Jawan Jyoti at India Gate every year.[2] Functions are also organized all over the country to commemorate the contribution of the Armed forces[3][4]

History[edit]

After the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, there had been a long period with relatively few direct armed conflicts involving the military forces of the two neighbors – notwithstanding the efforts of both nations to control the Siachen Glacier by establishing military outposts on the surrounding mountains ridges and the resulting military skirmishes in the 1980s. During the 1990s, however, escalating tensions and conflict due to separatist activities in Kashmir, some of which were supported by Pakistan[citation needed], as well as the conducting of nuclear tests by both countries in 1998, led to an increasingly belligerent atmosphere. In an attempt to defuse the situation, both countries signed the Lahore Declaration in February 1999, promising to provide a peaceful and bilateral solution to the Kashmir conflict.During the winter of 1998 -1999, some elements of the Pakistani Armed Forces were covertly training and sending Pakistani troops and paramilitary forces, some allegedly in the guise ofmujahideen, into territory on the Indian side of the LOC. The infiltration was code named “Operation Badr”,its aim was to sever the link between Kashmir and Ladakh, and cause Indian forces to withdraw from the Siachen Glacier, thus forcing India to negotiate a settlement of the broader Kashmir dispute. Pakistan also believed that any tension in the region would internationalise the Kashmir issue, helping it to secure a speedy resolution. Yet another goal may have been to boost the morale of the decade-long rebellion in Indian Administered Kashmir by taking a proactive role.

Initially, with little knowledge of the nature or extent of the infiltration, the Indian troops in the area assumed that the infiltrators were jihadis and claimed that they would evict them within a few days. Subsequent discovery of infiltration elsewhere along the LOC, and the difference in tactics employed by the infiltrators, caused the Indian army to realize that the plan of attack was on a much bigger scale. The total area seized by the ingress is generally accepted to between 130 km² – 200 km².

The Government of India responded with Operation Vijay, a mobilisation of 200,000 Indian troops.Finally war came to an official end on July 26, 1999,thus making it the Vijay Diwas.

527 soldiers from Indian Armed Forces sacrificed their lives during the war[5]

See also[edit]

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The Indian Air Force Surya Kiran aerobatics display team flies in formation past an Indian national flag during the inauguration of Aero India 2009 at the Yelahanka Air Force Station in Bangalore on February 11, 2009. Aero India 2009 is aimed at bringing under one roof exhibitors from all around the globe to showcase the best in aviation. AFP PHOTO/Dibyangshu SARKAR (Photo credit should read DIBYANGSHU SARKAR/AFP/Getty Images)
The Indian Air Force Surya Kiran aerobatics display team flies in formation past an Indian national flag during the inauguration of Aero India 2009 at the Yelahanka Air Force Station in Bangalore on February 11, 2009. Aero India 2009 is aimed at bringing under one roof exhibitors from all around the globe to showcase the best in aviation. AFP PHOTO/Dibyangshu SARKAR (Photo credit should read DIBYANGSHU SARKAR/AFP/Getty Images)

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