Shyamiji Krishnavarma Bhansali was born on 4 October, 1857 at Mandavi(Gujrat). He was a great scholar of Sanskrit and after his early education, he went to England for higher studies on 1879 and registered with Balliol college (Oxford). On 18 February, he founded Indian home rule society. He purchased a house an London which was later named as “ India House” and organized meeting point for radical nationalists among Indian students in Britain at the time and one of the most prominent centers for revolutionary Indian nationalism outside India. Dadabhai Naoroji, Lala Lajpat Rai, Gopal Krishna Gokhle were also attached with him. Shyamiji helped some revolutionaries like Madan Lal Dhingra, Damodar Savarkar by his inspirational speeches. Shyamiji died in exile in Switzerland on 30 March, 1930. I salute this scholar and fighter.
Madan Lal Dhingra was born on 18 September, 1883 in Punjab. He was discharged from his college at Lahore for his political activities, so he went to England for higher studies. There was a house in London as ‘India house’ set up by Shyamiji Krishnavarma and here Dhingra came into contact of Shyamiji along with Damodar Savarkar. They inspired Dhingra for his patriotic activities. On 1 July, 1909, Dhingra and his brigades attended a function of Indian National Association, where Dhingra fired on Sir Curzon Wyllie and shot him dead. Dhingra decided to commit suicide but failed and got arrested. Dhingra was hanged for this case on 17 August, 1909 at Pentonville prison (London)
Dhingra stated, “I am proud to have the honour of laying down my life for my country. But remember we shall have our time in the days to come.” I salute this martyr.
It gives us a patriotic feelings when we hear the lyrics “ sarfaroshi ki tamanna ab hamare dil main hain”. But we have not given sufficient honor to the writer that he really deserves. His name is Ram Prasad Bismil.
Bismil was born on 11 June, 1897 at Shahjahanpur (UP). When he was a school student, he used to read romantic poems and it was the utmost reason that he became a great poet later on. He wrote many patriotic poems using three pet names as “ Ram”, “Agyat” and “Bismil”. At the age of 18, he often went to “Arya samaj” and being influenced by Swami Somdev, he joined Indian national congress on 1916. Later Bismil organized a revolutionary group as “Matridevi” and collected some weapons too. He had been helped by his school teacher Genda lal Dixit and his ambition to fight against British rule became stronger. Bismil and Dixit played the vital roles for “Manipuri Conspiracy” and was declared as absconders by British. He was the founder member of Hindustan Republican Association and this was the group who planned “Kakori Conspiracy” and succeeded on 9 August, 1925. More than 30 members arrested for this conspiracy and most of them were accused. Bismil was hanged on 19 december, 1927 for his anti-British activity as Kakori train robbery and a few others. I salute this martyr.
Sukhdev Thapar was born on May 15, 1907 at Chura Bazar ( Ludhiana, Punjab). Sukhdev was an active member of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Along with Bhagat Singh, Ram Chandra and Bhagawat Charan Vohra started Naujawan Bharat Sabha at Lahore. When he was arrested after the death of Saunders, started hunger strike on 1929 inside the jail for the discrimination of British Government. He was hanged with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru for killing Saunders and Lahore conspiracy case on 23 March, 1931. In a letter to Mahatma Gandhi, written some days prior to the hanging , he says, “The three prisoners of the Lahore conspiracy case who have been awarded capital punishment and who have incidentally gained greatest popularity in the country are not everything in the revolutionary party. In fact, the country will not gain as much by the change of their sentences as it would by their being hang.” I salute this martyr.
Rajguru was born to a Marathi Brahmin family at Maharastra on 24 August, 1908. Rajguru worked as a revolutionist of Indian freedom with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev and accused for the murder of J.P.Saunders . Their prime target was Scott because for this officer veteran fighter Lala Lajpat Rai died but on 18 December, 1928, unfortunately Saunders died instead of Scott. Rajguru, then went to Nagpur and met RSS worker Dr. Hedgewar and took shelter on his home. On his travel to Pune, he was arrested and hanged on 23 March. 1931 with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. I salute this martyr.
Bhagat Singh was born to a Jat Sikh family on 28 Spetember, 1907. From his early hood, he was interested in reading European history regarding revolutionary movements. He was deeply interested in Atheism, Anarchism and Marxist ideologies. Bhagat was a prime member of Hindustan Republican Association which was later converted to Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Actually, when Simon commission was introduced in India and all Indians boycotted the commission, Lala Lajpat Rai and his brigade came out through a protesting rally at Lahore on 30 October, 1928. Due to British violence Lala was cruelly beaten and lead to death which made Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru to take revenge. They promised to kill police chief Scott of that incident but mistakenly Singh killed J.P.Saunders , a deputy superintendent of police. On 8 April. 1929. Batukeshwar Dutta and Bhagat threw a bomb to central legislative assembly house but the bomb neither killed nor injured anyone. Later Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru was charged for the murder of Saunders and on 23 March, 1931, Bhagat singh was hanged along with Sukhdev and Rajguru. I salute this martyr.
Manmath Nath Gupta was born on 1908. When he was only 13, joined Indian freedom movement and actively worked for Hindustan Republican Association which was a revolutionary group against British. He also joined Congress but after Chauri Chaura case he left congress. On 9 August, 1925, he and his partners looted a British train near Kakori. Some of his partners were sentenced to death but as he was a teenager, hence he was imprisoned till 1947. He died on October, 2000. I salute this freedom fighter.
Krishanji was born at Nashik on 1887. He was a great scholar of Hindu Philosophy and was a member of Abhinav Bharat Society at Nashik. He was an expert on making bombs and taught to two of his co-workers who targeted to destroy British rule. He was accused of killing Jackson with Anant Laxman Kanhere and Vinayak Narayan Deshpande. Both three were sentenced to death by Bombay high court and hanged on 19 April, 1910. I salute this martyr.
Anant laxman Kanhere was born at Nashik on 1891. In his educational carrier at Aurangabad, he became a member of a secret revolutionary group where as Maharastra was very much charged with anti-British feelings and activities. At that time Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Baburao Savarkar, Krishnaji Gopal Karve and Vinayak Narayan Deshpande formed revolutionary groups.
A British officer named by Jackson was investigating those activities being friendly to Indians. Jackson was instrumental in getting Babarao Savarkar arrested and prosecuted. Later all revolutionaries decided to eliminate Jackson. Anant took the responsibility to kill Jackson and decided to commit suicide so that he could not be captured and save his partners. If Anant failed, Vinayak and Karve both were ready to kill him. On 21 December, 1909, Jackson was shot dead by Anant but he was not able to kill himself as some persons caught him. at that time Anant was 18 years old when he was hanged with Karve and Deshpande on 19 April, 1910. Unfortunately their dead bodies were burnt by officers instead of handed over to relatives even their “ashthi” was also thrown in the sea near Thane. “In the people’s court, punishment for those, who treat Hindu people as worthless is death and I did the auspicious job of giving such a punishment to Jackson. I want to tell the people that they should give the most severe punishment to such offenders in their court.” – Martyr Anant Lakshman Kanhere. I salute this martyr.
मदनलाल धिंग्रा हे उच्च शिक्षणासाठी लंडन येथे राहत होते. सावरकर जेव्हा तिथे होते तेव्हा त्यांना एका भोजनप्रसंगी वर्णद्वेषाचा अनुभव आला. त्यांना वेगळ्या टेबल वर बसण्यास सांगितले. जाज्वल्य देशाभिमान आणि अत्यंत स्वाभिमानी सावरकरांना हि गोष्ट सहन झाली नाही आणि ते तिथून बाहेर पडले. त्या वेळी मदनलाल आणि त्यांचे एक मित्र तिथे उपस्थित होते. मदनलालांनी सावरकरांना समजवण्याचा प्रयत्न केला कि हि अशी वागणूक त्यांना अंगवळणी करून घ्यायला हवी. मदनलाल आणि सावरकर यांची हि पहिली भेट!!! मदनलाल तसे श्रीमंत घराण्यातले होते. त्यांच्यात देशभक्ती निर्माण झाली ते सावरकरांच्या विचारांमुळे. हा प्रभाव इतका प्रचंड होता कि पुढे स्वतःच्या जीवाची पर्वा न करता ते कर्झन वायलीचा खून करण्यास तयार झाले.
भारतीय स्वातंत्र्य-चळवळीतील एक थोर हुतात्मा. त्यांचा जन्म अमृतसर येथे उच्च मध्यमवर्गीय कुटुंबात झाला. त्यांचे वडील एक ख्यातनाम डॉक्टर होते आणि बंधू बॅरिस्टर होते. मदनलालांचे शिक्षण अमृतसरला झाले. ते पंजाब विद्यापीठातून बी. ए. झाले व १९०६ मध्ये उच्च शिक्षणासाठी इंग्लंडला गेले. तत्पूर्वी विद्यार्थिदशेतच त्यांचा विवाह झाला. इंग्लंडमध्ये त्यांनी स्थापत्य अभियांत्रिकीचा अभ्यास केला. तेथील वास्तव्यात त्यांचा स्वातंत्र्यवीर सावरकर, श्यामजी कृष्णवर्मा, हरदयाळ शर्मा वगैरे क्रांतिकारकांशी स्नेह जमला. ते होमरूल लीग व सावरकरांच्या अभिनव भारत या संस्थांचे सभासद झाले. त्यांच्या भावनाप्रधान मनावर खुदिराम बोस व कन्हैयालाल या क्रांतिवीरांच्या बलिदानाचा फार मोठा परिणाम झाला. सशस्त्र क्रांतिवीरास साजेसे शिक्षण त्यांनी घेतले. पुढे त्यांनी भारतमंत्र्याचा स्वीय साहाय्य्क कर्नल विल्यम कर्झन वायली याच्या खुनाचा कट केला. त्यांचा पहिला बेत फसला. पुढे १ जुलै १९०९ रोजी इंपीरियल इन्स्टिट्यूटच्या जहांगीर हाउसमध्ये इंडियन नॅशनल असोसिएशनच्या सभेच्या वेळी त्यांनी कर्झन वायली यावर गोळ्या झाडल्या; त्या वेळी कोवास लालाकाका हाही मध्ये आला. दोघेही मरण पावले. मदनलाल यांना अटक होऊन फाशीची शिक्षा देण्यात आली. पेन्टोनव्हिल (लंडन) तुरुंगात ते ‘भारत माता की जय’च्या उद्घोषात फाशी गेले.