1. Narendra Dabholkar
  2. Narendra Achyut Dabholkar was an Indian rationalist and author from Maharashtra. He was the founder-president of Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti, an organisation set up to eradicate superstition in 1989. Wikipedia
  3. Born: November 1, 1945, India
  4. Died: August 20, 2013, Pune

Narendra Dabholkar shot dead fighting Superstition

NarendraDabholkarCurtain falls on a life spend on freeing our society from the blindness inflicted by superstition; Narendra Dabholkar is no more… He was shot dead in Pune by two unidentified youths.

As we celebrated another Independence day we have to realize and accept that our society is still chained to superstitions… and the culprits all all around us….

When we grew up we had learned that education helped people fight superstition and prevented people from being duped by fakes…. It used to be the passport to a free life… But now things have changed… Academic Education probably has nothing much to do to help because superstition is rampant within the educated community….

Our society in many ways supports the claim that Jadu Tona, Baba’s and Mata’s can change one’s destiny…. The authorities support superstition as it is often masked in the name of philanthropy… unaccounted money, scams and what not…. Everyday millions are duped in the pretext of something or the other….

The superstition among our community has grown to alarming proportions and parents instead of educating kids out of it often push them more and more into it… Ingraining in them that just studying will not help in a test, but you should also do things that really don’t have a scientific reasoning… “Go get marks in science and math but don’t always reason what happens around you”

We do not really live in a free society because if so People like Sanal Edamaruku will not have to leave India and live in Finland… And now Narendra Dabolkar is shot dead…. The superstition business in India is huge and it has support from the ‘who is who’ in our world, politicians, film industry, business folks and more….

Being a Rationalist is the most important and courageous thing in the current society and I salute you Narendra Dabolkar for your contributions to the society…

Narendra Dabholkar

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Narendra Dabholkar
Born 1 November 1945
Died 20 August 2013 (aged 67)
Pune, Maharashtra, India
Nationality Indian
Occupation Social activist, founder-president of Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS)
Spouse(s) Shaila
Children Mukta, Hamid
Website antisuperstition.org

Narendra Achyut Dabholkar (1 November 1945 – 20 August 2013)[1] was an Indian rationalist and author from Maharashtra. He was the founder-president of Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS), an organisation set up to eradicate superstition in 1989. Triggered by his murder on 20 August 2013, the pending Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance was promulgated in the state of Maharashtra, four days later.[2]He was awarded the Padma Shri for social work posthumously in 2014.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Dabholkar was born on 1 November 1945 to Achyut and Tarabai, being the youngest of ten siblings, the eldest was the late educationalist, Gandhian and socialist Devdatta Dabholkar.[4] He did his schooling at New English School Satara and Willingdon College, Sangli. He was a qualified medical doctor, having obtained an MBBS degree from the Government Medical College, Miraj.[1]

He was the captain of the Shivaji University Kabaddi team. He had represented India against Bangladesh in a Kabaddi tournament. He won the Maharashtra government’s Shiv Chhatrapati Yuva Award for Kabaddi.[1][5]

He was married to Shaila and has two children, Hamid and Mukta Dabholkar.[6][7] His son was named after the social reformer Hamid Dalwai.[8] He didn’t believe in Vastu Shastra and built his house without any regards to the principles of Vastu Shastra. He also criticised extravagant marriage ceremonies and arranged for his own children to be married in simple ceremonies. The almanac was not consulted to select an auspicious time as it is traditionally done.[8] Dabholkar was also an atheist.[9]


After working as a doctor for 12 years, Dabholkar became a social worker in the 1980s.[10][11] He became involved with movements for social justice, such as Baba Adhav’s One village – One well agitation.[12]

Gradually, Dabholkar started focusing on eradication of superstition, and joined the Akhil Bharatiya Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (ABANS). In 1989, he founded the Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS, “Committee for Eradication of Superstition in Maharashtra” or “Maharashtra Committee for Eradication of Blind Faith”), and campaigned against superstitions, confronting dubious tantriks and claimed holy men who promised ‘miracle cures’ for ailments.[13][14] He criticised the country’s “godmen“, self-styled Hindu ascetics who claim to perform miracles and have many followers.[15] He was the founding member of Parivartan, a social action centre located in Satara district, that seeks to “empower marginalised members of the community to lead lives of security, dignity, and prosperity”.[16][17] He was closely associated with the Indian rationalist Sanal Edamaruku.[18] Dabholkar was the editor[19] of a renowned Marathi weekly Sadhana, which was founded by Sane Guruji.[10] He also served earlier as a vice-president of the Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations.

Between 1990–2010, Dabholkar was active in a movements for the equality of Dalits (untouchables) and against India’s caste system and caste-related violence. He advocated renaming the Marathwada University after Babasaheb Ambedkar, who is often called the author of India’s constitution and fought for the equality of Dalits. Dabholkar wrote books on superstitions and their eradication, and had addressed over 3,000 public meetings.[6] He had taken on Asaram Bapu in March 2013 over an incident during Holi in Nagpur, when Bapu and his followers used drinking water from tankers brought from the Nagpur Municipal Corporation to celebrate the festival. They were accused of wasting it while rest of Maharashtra faced drought.[20][21]

Anti-superstition and black magic bill[edit]

In 2010, Dabholkar made several failed attempts to get an anti-superstition law enacted in the state of Maharashtra. Under his supervision, MANS drafted the Anti-Jaadu Tona Bill (Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance).[22] It was opposed by some political parties and the Warkari sect.[10] Political parties like the Bharatiya Janata Party and the Shiv Sena opposed it claiming it would adversely affect Hindu culture, customs and traditions.[23] Critics accused him of being anti-religion but in an interview with the Agence France-Presse news agency he said, “In the whole of the bill, there’s not a single word about God or religion. Nothing like that. The Indian constitution allows freedom of worship and nobody can take that away, this is about fraudulent and exploitative practices.”[15]

A couple of weeks before his death on 6 August 2013, Dabholkar had complained in a press conference that the bill had not been discussed despite being tabled in seven sessions of the state assembly. He had criticised the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, Prithviraj Chavan, stating that the minister had disappointed the progressive people in the state.[24] A day after Dabholkar’s murder, the Maharashtra Cabinet cleared the Anti-Superstition and Black Magic Ordinance, however the parliament would still need to support the bill for it to become law.[15][25]


Dabholkar had faced several threats and assaults since 1983 but had rejected police protection.[6]

If I have to take police protection in my own country from my own people, then there is something wrong with me, I’m fighting within the framework of the Indian constitution and it is not against anyone, but for everyone.
— Dabholkar on rejecting police protection[6]

Murdered on 20 August 2013, while out on a morning walk, Dabholkar was shot down by two unidentified gunmen near Omkareshwar temple, Pune at 7:20 AM IST. The assailants fired four rounds at him from a point blank range and fled on a motorcycle parked nearby.[26][27] Two bullets hit Dabholkar in his head and chest and he died on the spot.

Dabholkar had originally donated his body to a medical college. But, the autopsy made necessary by his murder left the slain leader’s body unfit for academic purposes.[28] He was cremated in Satara without any religious rites.[8][29] His pyre was lit by his daughter, Mukta, in contradiction to the tradition where the son lights the pyre.[30][31] His ashes were collected without any religious ceremony and scattered over his organic farm.[29]


Dabholkar’s assassination was condemned by many political leaders and social activists. The Maharashtra chief minister Prithviraj Chavan announced a reward of 1 million (US$15,000) to any person with information of the assailants.[17][32] Furthermore, political parties called for a bandh (strike) in Pune on 21 August,[33] and various institutions across Pune remained closed to protest Dabholkar’s assassination.[34]


An awareness campaign to highlight Narendra Dabholkar’s death

On 20 August 2013, the police stated that it is under suspicion that it was a planned murder because the assailants were aware Dabholkar stays in Pune only on Mondays and Tuesdays.[35] Chavan stated on 26 August 2013 that the police have some clues about his murder.[36] On 2 September, the police stated that 7 surveillance cameras have captured footage of the two assassins, and the footage had been sent to a London-based forensic lab for analysis.[37]

A Public Interest Litigation (PIL) was filed by activist Ketan Tirodkar, urging the case to be investigated by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) instead of the state police, over lack of faith over the latter. The Bombay High Court sought responses from the NIA on 24 September.[38] On 15 October, NIA said the case was well within the Indian Penal Code. NIA also added that it was only the assumptions of the petitioner that right-wing activists were involved and it was a scheduled plan.[39][40]

On 17 January 2014, during his visit to Pune, Home Minister R. R. Patil gave Pune police a week to make some progress or hand over the case to the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).[41] On 20 January, Pune police arrested two suspects based on ballistic reports. The suspects had been previously accused of firearms dealing.[42][43] Later on 4 March 2014, the Bombay High Court heard a modified PIL from Tirodkar, which sought to involve the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) in the investigation.[44] The court directed the Pune police to submit copies of case diaries.[45] On 9 May 2014, the Bombay High Court transferred the case to the CBI.[46]

See also[edit]


About us

At the beginning of the 21st century and the new millennium, everyone is aware of the need to be able to think with an open mind and to lead a rational life. Maharashtra Andhashraddha Nirmoolan Samiti (MANS) or (Maharashtra Blind faith Eradication Committee) is a voluntary organization working through 200 branches located in rural and urban Maharashtra, Belgaum in Karnataka and Goa. It dose not receive foreign or government funding. It’s a People’s movement working solely on support of the people and for the people.

Maharashtra has a long legacy of rationalist social reformers who always took an objective and informed stand against superstition. The constitution of India has stipulated adoption of scientific outlook as one of the responsibilities of every Indian and has included it as a value to be inculcated through education. MANS has resolved to further this rational legacy through purposeful activities and programmes. This work can be characterized as follows:

+To cultivate scientific attitude, scepticism, humanism and critical thinking among the people
+To oppose harmful superstitions, which exploit people.
+To cultivate rationalistic moral values, humanism and create a just society.
+To encourage constructive analysis of religious traditions and customs.
+To agitate against harmful superstitions and rituals and suggest useful alternatives to some.
+To help and work with other social reform organizations.


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    Narendra Dabholkar – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

    Narendra Achyut Dabholkar (1 November 1945 – 20 August 2013) was an Indian rationalist and author from Maharashtra. He was the founder-president of …

    Maharashtra Andhashrddha Nirmoolan Samiti

    Dr Dabholkar. Dabholkar’s reflections · Dr. Shaila Dabholkars Article · Special … Black Magic Ordinance 2013 · Marathi Special Issue on Narendra Dabholkar …

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    CBI gets more hands to probe Dabholkar case

    The Hindu6 hours ago

    … rationalist and anti-superstition movement activist Narendra Dabholkar because of a shorta.

  2. Narendra Dabholkar murder: Two years on, mystery remains | Business Standard News
    Business Standard21 hours ago
  3. Two years on, Narendra Dabholkar killers still remain elusive
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