12th SEPTEMBER 1912 – 8th SEPTEMBER 1960 FEROZE GANDHI ( GHANDY )

  1. Feroze Gandhi
    Indian Politician
  2. Feroze Gandhi was an Indian politician and journalist. He served as the publisher of the The National Herald and The Navjivan newspapers from Lucknow. He was the husband of Indira Gandhi and the son-in-law to Jawaharlal Nehru. Wikipedia
  3. Born: September 12, 1912, Mumbai
  4. Died: September 8, 1960, New Delhi
  5. Spouse: Indira Gandhi (m. 1942–1960)
  6. Feroze Gandhi and Indira Gandhi were married for 18 years (until 1960).

    Indira Gandhi

    Spouse
    Kamala Nehru was Feroze Gandhi's mother-in-law.

    Kamala Nehru

    Mother‑in‑law
    Jawaharlal Nehru was Feroze Gandhi's father-in-law.

    Jawaharlal Nehru

    Father‑in‑law

Feroze Gandhi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Feroze Gandhi
Feroze Gandhi.jpg

Feroze Gandhi
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Pratapgarh District (west)Rae Bareli District (east)[1]
In office
17 April 1952 – 4 April 1957
Member of the Indian Parliament
for Rae Bareli[2]
In office
5 May 1952 – 8 September 1960
Succeeded by Baij Nath Kureel
Personal details
Born Feroze Jehangir Ghandy[3]
12 September 1912
Bombay, Bombay Presidency,British India
(now Mumbai, Maharashtra,India)
Died 8 September 1960 (aged 47)
New Delhi, Delhi, India
Resting place Parsi cemetery, Allahabad
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Indira Gandhi
Children Sanjay Gandhi,
Rajiv Gandhi
Religion Zoroastrianism

Feroze Gandhi (born Feroze Jehangir Ghandy;[3] 12 September 1912 – 8 September 1960) was an Indian politician and journalist. He served as the publisher of the The National Herald and The Navjivan newspapers from Lucknow. He was the husband of Indira Gandhi and the son-in-law to Jawaharlal Nehru.

In 1942 he married Indira Nehru (later Prime Minister of India) and they had two sons, Rajiv Gandhi and Sanjay Gandhi, and thus became part of the Nehru-Gandhi family. Rajiv later also went on to become the Prime Minister of India.[4] He became a member of the provincial parliament (1950–1952), and later a member of the Lok Sabha, the Lower House of India’s parliament. He was not related to Mahatma Gandhi.[5]

Early life[edit]

Feroze Jehangir Ghandy was born to a Parsi family at the Tehmulji Nariman Hospital situated in Fort, Bombay. His parents, Faredoon Jehangir and Ratimai (formerly Ratimai Commissariat), lived in Nauroji Natakwala Bhawan in Khetwadi Mohalla in Bombay.[6] His father Jehangir Ghandy was a Marine Engineer in Killick Nixon and was later promoted as a Warrant Engineer.[7] Feroze was the youngest of the five children with two brothers Dorab Gandhi and Faridun Jehangir Gandhi,[8][9] and two sisters, Tehmina Kershashp Gandhi and Aloo Gandhi Dastur.[10] The family had migrated to Bombay from Bharuch in South Gujarat where their ancestral home, which belonged to his grandfather, still exists in Kotpariwad.[11]

In the early 1920s, after the death of his father, Feroze and his mother moved to Allahabad to live with his unmarried maternal aunt, Shirin Commissariat, a surgeon at the city’s Lady Dufferin Hospital (BiographerKatherine Frank has speculated that Feroze was in fact the biological son of Shirin Commissariat.[12]) He attended the Vidya Mandir High School and then graduated from the British-staffed Ewing Christian College.[7]

Family and career[edit]

In 1930, the wing of Congress Freedom fighters, the Vanar Sena was formed. Feroze met Kamala Nehru and Indira among the women demonstrators picketing outside Ewing Christian College. Kamala fainted with the heat of the sun and Feroze went to comfort her. The next day, he abandoned his studies in 1930 to join the Indian independence movement. After joining the independence movement, Feroze changed the spelling of surname from “Ghandy” to “Gandhi”.[3][13] He was imprisoned in 1930, along with Lal Bahadur Shastri (the 2nd Prime Minister of India), head of Allahabad District Congress Committee, and lodged in Faizabad Jail for nineteen months. Soon after his release, he was involved with the agrarian no-rent campaign in the United Province (now Uttar Pradesh) and was imprisoned twice, in 1932 and 1933, while working closely with Nehru.[7]

The marriage ceremony of Feroze Gandhi, and Indira Nehru at Anand Bhavan, on 26 March 1942. In 1984, a photograph of the wedding was used in court to show that the ceremony followed Hindu, and not Parsi, rituals.[14]

Feroze first proposed to Indira in 1933, but she and her mother rejected it, putting forward that she was too young, only 16.[7] He grew close to the Nehru family, especially to Indira’s mother Kamala Nehru, accompanying her to the TB Sanatorium at Bhowali in 1934, helping arrange her trip to Europe when her condition worsened in April 1935, and visiting her at the sanitarium at Badenweiler and finally at Lausanne, where he was at her bedside when she died on 28 February 1936.[7] In the following years, Indira and Feroze grew closer to each other while in England. They married in March 1942 according to Hindu rituals.[14][15]

Portrait of Feroze andIndira Gandhi

Indira’s father Jawaharlal Nehru opposed her marriage and approached Mahatma Gandhi to dissuade the young couple, but to no avail. The couple were arrested and jailed in August 1942, during the Quit India Movement less than six months after their marriage. He was imprisoned for a year in Allahabad’s Naini Central Prison. The coming five years were of comfortable domestic life and the couple had two sons, Rajiv and Sanjay, born in 1944 and 1946 respectively.

After independence, Jawaharlal became the first Prime Minister of India. Feroze and Indira settled in Allahabad with their two young children, and Feroze became Managing Director of The National Herald, a newspaper founded by his father-in-law.

After being a member of the provincial parliament (1950–1952), Gandhi won independent India’s first general elections in 1952, from Rae Bareli constituency in Uttar Pradesh. Indira came down from Delhi and worked as his campaign organizer. Gandhi soon became a prominent force in his own right, criticizing the government of his father-in-law and beginning a fight against corruption.

In the years after independence, many Indian business houses had become close to the political leaders, and now some of them started various financial irregularities. In a case exposed by Gandhi in December 1955,[16]he revealed how Ram Kishan Dalmia, as chairman of a bank and an insurance company, used these companies to fund his takeover of Bennett and Coleman and started transferring money illegally from publicly heldcompanies for personal benefit.

In 1957, he was re-elected from Rae Bareli. In the parliament in 1958, he raised the Haridas Mundhra scandal involving the government controlled LIC insurance company. This was a huge embarrassment to the clean image of Nehru’s government and eventually led to the resignation of the Finance Minister T.T. Krishnamachari. His rift with Indira had also become public knowledge by then, and added to the media interest in the matter.

Feroze also initiated a number of nationalization drives, starting with the Life Insurance Corporation. At one point he also suggested that Tata Engineering and Locomotive Company (TELCO) be nationalized since they were charging nearly double the price of a Japanese railway engine. This raised a stir in the Parsi community since the Tatas were also Parsi. He continued challenging the government on a number of other issues, and emerged as a parliamentarian well-respected on both sides of the bench.[16]

Death[edit]

Feroze suffered a heart attack in 1958. Indira, who stayed with her father at Teen Murti House, the official residence of the prime minister, was at that time away on a state visit to Bhutan. She returned to look after him inKashmir.[17] Feroze died in 1960 at the Willingdon Hospital, Delhi, after suffering a second heart attack. He was cremated and his ashes interred at the Parsi cemetery in Allahabad.[18]

His Rae Bareli Lok Sabha constituency seat was held by his daughter-in-law, and wife of Rajiv Gandhi, Sonia Gandhi in 2004, in 2009, and presently in 2014.

A school of higher education that he helped found was named for him in Rae Bareli.[19]

Nehru-Khan-Gandhi Dynasty: Jawaharlal Nehru was the first prime minister of modern India, and he ruled the country from 1947 to 1964.  He was born on 14th November 1889, to Motilal and Swarup Rani Nehru.  The family belonged to a Kashmiri Brahmin tribe called ‘Pandit.’

Indira Gandhi, daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru, became prime minister of India in 1966. Mrs. Gandhi was born on November 19, 1917 to Jawaharlal and Kamala Nehru.  She was named Indira Priyadarshini Nehru. She fell in love and decided to marry Feroze Khan, a family friend. Feroze Khan’s father, Nawab Khan, was a Muslim, and mother was a Persian Muslim.  Jawaharlal Nehru did not approve of the inter-caste marriage for political reasons (see http://www.asiasource.org/ society/indiragandhi.cfm).  If Indira Nehru were to marry a Muslim she would loose the possibility of becoming the heir to the future Nehru dynasty.  At this juncture, according to one story, Mahatma Gandhi intervened and adopted Feroze Khan, gave him his last name (family name/caste name) and got the name of Feroz Khan changed to Feroz Gandhi by an affidavit in England. Thus, Feroze Khan became Feroze Gandhi.  Though Mahatma belonged to Bania/Gandhi caste (a business tribe) the proposal was acceptable to Nehru for political reasons. Indira Nehru married Feroze (Khan) Gandhi in 1942 and became Indira Gandhi, which helped her politically as daughter of Nehru (the first Prime Minister of the Indian Union) and daughter–in-law of Gandhi (the father of the nation) securing her place in the future Nehru-Gandhi dynasty (based on swordoftruth.com).    Another story, according to Mr. Arvind Lavakare in a personal communication to me, is that Feroz had a Parsi father whose surname was “GHANDI” not “GANDHI”. That was made clear by an advertisement in a major English newspaper of Allahabad. It was Mahatma Gandhi who suggested to Nehru that Feroze’s surname be spelt as “GANDHI” instead of the original “GHANDI”. An RSS columnist wrote that “Ghandi’s” mother was a Muslim, and since an offspring takes on the religion of its mother, Feroz ought to be considered a Muslim.

Indira Gandhi ruled the country from 1966 to 1984, except for a short period from 1977 to 1980.

Rajiv (Khan) Gandhi was born to Indira (Khan) Gandhi and Feroze (Khan) Gandhi. He converted to Christianity to marry Catholic Italian Sonia Miano (according to swordoftruth.com). He became prime minister in 1984 after Indira was assassinated by her own bodyguards.  He ruled the country for 5 years from 1984 to 1989.  The Nehru- (Khan)-Gandhi dynasty ended as Sonia, declined to accept the power, after Rajiv was assassinated in 1991. (The non-charismatic non-leaders of Congress (I) party handed over the reins of the party to reluctant Sonia, who now leads the Congress party and soon will lead the Indian Union).

The Nehru-Khan-Gandhi dynasty and the veneration and worship of Catholic Italian Sonia Miano (Khan) Gandhi by the Congress party as well as Indian (both Hindus and Muslims) masses throughout India can be considered as great examples of Indian secularism.

The Nehru-Khan-Gandhi dynasty, revived by Sonia Gandhi, swept back to power with vengeance in 2004 elections after a brief vacation of about 15 years.  Sonia Gandhi, who was born in Italy and married into the dynasty, begged her husband to stay out of politics and was drawn into it herself only when the party was in dire need of leadership.  A new generation of Gandhis arrives to save ailing party from disaster at the polls.   Sonia Gandhi (55) inducted her son Rahul (34) and daghter Priyanka (33) into politics and they actively participated and won in the recent elections.   A calcified, out-of-touch, visionless and nepotistic dynasty is poised once again to lead and the dynasty rule continues in the world’s largest democracy, albeit with fresh and young Indo-Italian genes having Brahmin-Christian-Muslim-Parsi blood with charming faces and charisma which no other Indian can claim.   Sonia Gandhi’s rise from a small-town in postwar Italy to modern India is a story of love, death and dynasty, culminating in the most sensational victory of an Italian middle class woman ever to become the kingmaker in the Indian Union of a billion people. She will run the country from behind scenes as she installs Manmohan Singh as the Prime Minister of the Indian Union, to avert a brewing foreigner-crisis and save the country.


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      1. Feroze Gandhi
        Indian Politician
      2. Feroze Gandhi was an Indian politician and journalist. He served as the publisher of the The National Herald and The Navjivan newspapers from Lucknow. He was the husband of Indira Gandhi and the son-in-law to Jawaharlal Nehru. Wikipedia
      3. Born: September 12, 1912, Mumbai
      4. Died: September 8, 1960, New Delhi
      5. Spouse: Indira Gandhi (m. 1942–1960)
      6. Feroze Gandhi and Indira Gandhi were married for 18 years (until 1960).

        Indira Gandhi

        Spouse
        Kamala Nehru was Feroze Gandhi's mother-in-law.

        Kamala Nehru

        Mother‑in‑law
        Jawaharlal Nehru was Feroze Gandhi's father-in-law.

        Jawaharlal Nehru

        Father‑in‑law
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