Shyam Lal Gupta
|Shyam Lal Gupta|
|Born||9 September 1896
Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
|Died||10 August 1977
|Known for||Indian flag song|
Shyam Lal Gupta, popularly known as Shyam Lal Gupta Parshad, (1896-1977) was an Indian poet and lyricist. A song written by him which featured in the 1948 film, Azadi Ki Raah Par, (sung by Sarojini Naidu), has been accepted as the flag song of India and is sung every year during the flag hoisting ceremony at the Independence Day and Republic Day celebrations. A winner of the fourth highest civilian award of Padma Shri in 1969, he was honoured again by the Government of India in 1997 when a postage stamp was issued in his honour.
Shyam Lal Gupta was born on 9 September 1896 in Dosar Vaishya community to Visheshwar Prasad and Kaushalya Devi as their youngest son at General Ganj area in Kanpur in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. Refusing to join the family business, he took up teaching as a career and worked at various government schools in Kanpur, participating the Indian freedom struggle simultaneously. His chance meeting with Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi at one of the conventions of the Indian National Congress brought him the charge of the freedom campaigns of Fatehpur town. He was arrested by the British in 1921 and on release from jail, he started working underground. He was arrested again twice, in 1930 and 1944 and was sent to jail on both occasions. Gupta held the post of the president of the Fatehpur district congress committee for 19 years. He was known to have avoided using footwear and umbrellas till Indian independence, following a personal vow. He died on 10 August 1977, at the age of 81.
As an honour, Gupta was selected to sing the flag song on 15 August 1952 during the Independence Day celebrations. During the Republic Day celebrations in 1972, Gupta was feliciated by the then prime minister, Indira Gandhi with a scroll of honour. TheGovernment of India awarded him the civilian honour of Padma Shri in 1969. Two decades after his death, on 4 March 1997, Shankar Dayal Sharma, then president of India, released a postage stamp in his honour.
The song was originally written by Gupta in March 1924 as a patriotic poem and was released by Khanna Press in Kanpur, selling over 5000 copies. The Indian National Congress adopted the song as the official flag song in 1924 and it was first sung at theJallianwala Bagh Martyrs’ Day on 13 April 1924 at Phool Bagh in Kanpur, a function attended by Jawaharlal Nehru. In 1938, Sarojini Naidu presented the song at the Haripura Session of the Indian National Congress in the presence of freedom leaders such asMahatma Gandhi, Motilal Nehru, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr Rajendra Prasad, Govind Vallabh Pant, Jamnalal Bajaj, Mahadev Desai and Purushottam Das Tandon. A decade later, the song was featured in the film, Azadi ki Raah Par, released in 1948. The film was directed by Lalit Chandra Mehta and had Prithviraj Kapoor and Vanamala Pawar in the lead roles. The song, composed by Shekhar Kalyan and sung by Sarojini Naidu, is reported to have instilled a sense of patriotism among Indians during the pre-independence period.
The song in Hindi Unicode
(झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा विजयी विश्व तिरंगा प्यारा) -२ झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा
सदा शक्ती बरसाने वाला प्रेम सुधा सरसाने वाला वीरों को हर्षाने वाला मातृ भूमी का तन मन सारा -२ झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा …
स्वतंत्रता के भीशण रण में रख (?) कर जोश बढ़े क्षण-क्षण में काँपे शत्रु देखकर मन में मिट जाये भय संकट सारा -२ झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा …
इस झँडे के नीचे निर्भय हो, स्वराज जनता का निश्चय बोलो भारत माता की जय स्वतंत्रता ही ध्येय हमारा -२ झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा …
आओ प्यारे वीरों आओ देश धमर् पर बलि-बलि जाओ एक साथ सब मिल कर गाओ प्यारा भारत देश हमारा झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा …
शान न इसकी जाने पाये चाहे जान भले ही जाये विश्व विजयी कर के दिखलाएं तब होए प्रण पूणर् हमारा -२ झण्डा ऊँचा रहे हमारा …
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