Ram Manohar Lohia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Ram Manohar Lohia
Ram Manohar Lohia.jpg
Born 23 March 1910
Akbarpur, Uttar Pradesh, India
Died 12 October 1967 (aged 57)
New Delhi, India
Nationality Indian
Education B.A (Calcutta University), Ph.D Frederick William University (today’s Humboldt University of Berlin,Germany)
Known for Quit India Movement

Ram Manohar Lohia About this sound pronunciation ,(23 March 1910 – 12 October 1967) was an activist for the Indian independence movement and a nationalist political leader.[1]

Early life[edit]

Dr Ram Manohar Lohia, Mani Ram Bagri, Madhu Limay, S M Joshi

Ram Manohar Lohia attended the Banaras Hindu University to complete his intermediate course work after standing first in his school’s matriculation examinations in 1927. He then joined the Vidyasagar College, under the University of Calcutta and in 1929, earned his B.A. degree.[2] He decided to attend Frederick William University (today’s Humboldt University of Berlin, Germany) over all prestigious educational institutes in Britain to convey his dim view of British philosophy. He soon learned German and received financial assistance based on his outstanding academic performance, studying national economy as his major subject as a doctoral student from 1929 to 1933.[3]

It was at Frederick William University that Ram Manohar Lohia and Julião Menezes met, as they were studying at the same University. They shared similar opinions on many issues that confronted the world then, dominated by the colonial powers. Menezes from Estado da India, took active part in the Indian Students’ Union in Berlin, along with Lohia who was the secretary of the Indian Students Union. Once in the 1930’s when Lohia and Menezes attended the session of the League of Nations, they both booed at Maharaja of Bikaner, a representative of India, who was talking about peace, while India and Estado da India, Goa (Portuguese colony) were groaning under the yoke of colonialism, british and portuguese, respectively. They were both thrown out from the gallery. Such was his indomitable spirit.[4]

Lohia wrote his PhD thesis paper on the topic of Salt Taxation in India,[3] focusing on Gandhi’s socio-economic theory.

Major writings in English[edit]

  • The Caste System: Hyderabad, Navahind [1964] 147 p.
  • Foreign Policy: Aligarh, P.C. Dwadash Shreni, [1963?] 381 p.
  • Fragments of a World Mind: Maitrayani Publishers & Booksellers ; Allahabad [1949] 262 p.
  • Fundamentals of a World Mind: ed. by K.S. Karanth. Bombay, Sindhu Publications, [1987] 130 p.
  • Guilty Men of India’s Partition: Lohia Samata Vidyalaya Nyas, Publication Dept.,[1970] 103 p.
  • India, China, and Northern Frontiers: Hyderabad, Navahind [1963] 272 p.
  • Interval During Politics: Hyderabad, Navahind [1965] 197 p.
  • Marx, Gandhi and Socialism: Hyderabad, Navahind [1963] 550 p.
  • Collected Works of Dr Lohia” A nine volume set edited by veteran Socialist writer Dr Mastram Kapoor in English and published by Anamika Publications, New Delhi.

Selected books on Lohia[edit]

  • Socialist Thought in India: The Contribution of Ram Manohar Lohia, by M. Arumugam, New Delhi, Sterling (1978)
  • Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, his Life and Philosophy, by Indumati Kelkar. Published for Samajwadi Sahitya Sansthan, Delhi by Anamika Publishers & Distributors (2009) ISBN 978-81-7975-286-9
  • Lohia, A Study, by N. C. Mehrotra, Atma Ram (1978)
  • Lohia and Parliament, Published by Lok Sabha Secretariat (1991)
  • Lohia thru Letters, Published by Roma Mitra (1983)
  • Lohia, by Onkar Sharad, Lucknow, Prakashan Kendra (1972)
  • Lohia and America Meet, by Harris Woofford, Sindhu (1987)
  • Leftism in India: 1917–1947, by Satyabrata Rai Chowdhuri, London and New Delhi, Palgrave Macmillan (2008)
  • Lohia Ek Jeevani, by Omprakash Deepak And Arvind Mohan, Published by Wagdevi Prakashan (2006)


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